Rail track maintenance workers inspect, maintain and repair railway lines and associated services.
Their work includes inspecting tracks, bridges, cuttings, embankments, fences and level crossings. They also look out for obstacles, worn areas or anything which could interfere with the smooth running of a train service. In bad weather they clear snow or fallen objects which are blocking the line. If they find a problem they must report it so that it can be put right as quickly as possible.
They may be involved in:
Many of a maintenance worker's tasks involve using their hands. They also use tools such as picks, spades and pneumatic drills, together with specialist tools for securing rails. They may work with levelling, lining and tamping machines for settling ballast and they may have to mix and lay concrete.
Some rail track maintenance workers go out, usually in a gang, to work on the track on a regular basis. They may patrol the route carrying out visual checks to make sure everything is in order.
More senior maintenance workers have extra responsibilities:
Track chargepeople are responsible for a team of gang workers, making sure that all scheduled work is completed safely within the deadlines and budget.
Leading trackpeople are second in command to the track chargeperson, and play an important hands-on role within the team.
Working on railway tracks requires a high level of concentration and the observance of strict safety measures. Rail track maintenance workers have to be prepared to learn these and apply them in their daily work.
Rail track maintenance workers work 35 hours a week on a shift system. This means starting work early in the morning or finishing late at night. They should also be prepared to do paid overtime.
Quite a lot of work on tracks is done at weekends or at night to minimise inconvenience to travellers. This means working irregular hours. Rail track workers may work away from home at times and they may have to be on call, ready to go out and deal with emergencies.
The work is done outside in all weathers, usually with a small group of other workers. Protective clothing, including hard hats, overalls and high-visibility jackets, is provided by employers.
The average starting pay for a rail track maintenance worker is around £12,000 a year.
The main employer is Network Rail who own and maintain 21,000 miles of track and over 2,500 stations throughout the UK. Network Rail has a workforce of over 30,000 employees across the country engaged in track maintenance and replacement.
For jobs in this area, contact Network Rail on their website: www.networkrailcareers.co.uk.
There are no particular academic qualifications needed to become a rail track maintenance worker. Network Rail looks for people who have the right qualities for the job.
A good general education is important, especially reading, writing and some ability with numbers. In practice, they rarely take on anyone under 18, and people with experience of similar manual work in other industries, such as construction, may get preference.
The recruitment process includes a medical. This includes tests to screen for drug and alcohol abuse, and tests for physical fitness, hearing, eyesight and colour vision.
Young people aged 17-19 may start through an Apprenticeship, where they will need GCSE's/S grades (A-C/1-3) including English, maths and science.
Apprenticeships and Advanced Apprenticeships provide structured training with an employer. As an apprentice you must be paid at least £95 per week; you may well be paid more. A recent survey found that the average wage for apprentices was £170 a week. Your pay will depend on the sector in which you work, your age, the area where you live and the stage at which you have arrived in the Apprenticeship.
Entry to Employment (e2e) can help to prepare those who are not yet ready for an Apprenticeship. In addition, Young Apprenticeships may be available for 14- to 16-year-olds. More information is available from a Connexions personal adviser or at www.apprenticeships.org.uk.
There are different arrangements for Apprenticeships in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Training is mainly done on the job, working under the supervision of experienced track workers. This is a safety-critical role, so strict regulations apply and regular assessments are carried out.
Training is usually given in personal track safety, basic first aid, lookout and hand signalling duties. This is either done in-house or by an external training provider. Short courses may provide training in operating track-laying machines and it may be possible to work towards qualifications such as NVQ/SVQ Level 2 in Railway Engineering Permanent Way (Maintenance/Renewals).
On an Advanced Apprenticeship, recruits attend a fully residential course in their first year to learn the theoretical aspects of the job together with safety training. They may work towards NVQ's/SVQ's at Levels 2 and 3 in Railway Engineering Permanent Way (Maintenance/Renewals).
Oil Drilling Roustabouts and Roughnecks work as part of a small team on offshore oil or gas drilling rigs or production platforms. Roustabouts do unskilled manual labouring jobs on rigs and platforms, and Roughneck is a promotion from roustabout.
Roustabouts do basic tasks to help keep the rig and platform working efficiently and Roughnecks do practical tasks involved in the drilling operation, under the supervision of the driller.
A rail track worker needs to:
With experience, rail track workers may progress to a skilled or supervisory role such as leading trackperson or machine operator. They can also apply for a job as a track inspector, supervisor or team leader, and some go on to become managers.
Some workers eventually become track or overhead line inspectors who check for faults and approve tracks or overhead lines for use.
Others may study for maintenance engineering technician qualifications, which may lead to promotion or to a career change.
Additional resources for job seekers and those already in a job.